At Stranton Primary School, all children from LEYFS to Year 1 have a discrete daily phonics session. This is taught at the start of every school day so it is essential that your child is on time to start promptly.
We follow the Letters and Sounds teaching programme which separates the phonological progression into 6 main phases. The children progress through each phase at their own pace. Children will be grouped according to the phase they are working on.
Children learn seven key aspects to develop oral sound discrimination including: environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral blending and segmenting.
Children learn one phoneme for 19 letters of the alphabet (s,a,t,p,i,n,m,d,o,g,c,k,e,u,r,h,b,f,l). They use these phonemes to blend to read and segment to spell simple CVC words. They begin to read and write simple captions.
Children learn one phoneme for the remaining seven letters of the alphabet (j,v,w,x,y,z,qu). They learn four consonant digraphs (sh,ch,th,ng) and vowel digraphs and trigraphs (ai,ee,igh,oa,oo,ar,or,ur,ow,oi,ear,air,ure,er). They use these phonemes to blend to read and segment to spell. They begin to read and write simple sentences.
Children learn to blend to read and segment to spell longer words with adjacent consonants. No new graphemes are taught in this phase.
Children learn more graphemes to represent each phoneme as well as different ways of pronouncing each grapheme they already know.
Children learn to apply some spelling rules, including prefixes and suffixes.
Regular and rigorous assessments take place throughout phonics lessons and at the end of each phase to ensure the children are accessing the correct phonics phase. If children are not working within the expected standard for their age, they will receive extra support and targeted intervention to ensure they make rapid progress.
At the end of Year 1, all children will undertake the statutory phonics screening test to check if they have met the expected standard. If children do not pass this check, they will continue to receive phonics teaching in Year 2 to develop their reading and spelling skills.